Spain and Portugal

Gaita Asturiana

The bagpipe of the Asturias region on the northern coast of Spain bordering Galicia on it's western frontier. It most commonly consists of a chanter with a bass drone and occasionally a tenor drone which lies across the right forearm (more...).

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Gaita de Foles (Portugal)

Tras-os-Montes literally means beyond the mountains and is a rural of high ground and deep ravines in the north-east of Portugal and was historically part of Galicia until the twelfth century. The bagpipe of this region known as the Gaita de Foles has a very characteristic sound due to the way in which the chanter is traditionally tuned.

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Gaita de Feulle/Aragonese/de Boto

The chanter has a compass of an octave and leading note and is pitched in b flat, b or c. The bass drone in two sections hangs below the right arm in playing and sounds two octaves below the six finger note. The tenor drone lies beside the chanter as in the French Cornemuse.

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Gaita Gallega

The bagpipe of Galicia, the region situated in the north west corner of Spain having it's southern border with Portugal and the eastern with Asturias. Like the Gaita Asturiana the Gaita Gallega most commonly consists of a chanter with bass drone however it is also quite usual for up to two further drones to be present, a tenor drone sounding one octave below the six finger keynote and a treble drone either in unison with the six finger note or more traditionally sounding in unison with the chanter's fifth (more...).

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Xeremia/Sac de Gemecs

These instruments are found in French and Spanish Catalogne and the Balearic Islands - all are similar having the drones hanging vertically downwards in front of the chanter.

It is the traditional bagpipe of the Catalan Band the "Cobla" where it is played alongside the Tarota (Shawm) and Flabiol i Timbal (Pipe and Drum).

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