This general name covers the Scottish Lowland and Northumbrian Half Long pipes, the basic difference between them being the intervals to which the drones are tuned with the Lowland following the Highland style of Bass A and two Tenor a's and the Half Longs being either Bass A, Baritone e and Tenor a or Bass A, Tenor a and Treble a. They are bellows blown (more...).
Brian Boru Warpipes (Irish & Scottish System)
This instrument was designed and built by William O'Duane and Henry Starck in 1908.
The chanter, based on the Highland pattern is longer and fitted with keywork to extend the compass and give semitones as required. The drones can be in a common stock or separate like the Highland and are tuned Bass A, Baritone E & tenor a (more...).
Right: Irish, Scottish and Highland Chanters
Sometimes called Fireside Pipes or Miniature Pipes, they consist of a chanter that is similar but not quite the same pattern as the Highland Practice Chanter and three drones (Bass and two Tenors). Bellows or mouth blown.
This amazing and almost unknown instrument was designed by William O'Duane in 1906 to resemble the bagpipe shown in " John Derricke's - Image of Ireland" (which was written in 1578) and was manufactured by the London based Pipemaker Henry Starck (more...).
Great Highland Bagpipes/Reel Pipe/Half Size Bagpipe
This is without a doubt the most well known form of bagpipe having been carried throughout the World by the British Army. An unfortunate side effect of this is that in several nations where it has been adopted it has supplanted native varieties. It is used to full effect in the massed pipe bands but is also an excellent instrument for solo piping and playing for dancing as the sound carries well.
Of smaller size than the Great Highland Pipe are the Reel Pipe being used for large halls and the Half Size as a children's instrument for learning on (more...).
In reality this is usually the Great Highland Bagpipe with a bass and single tenor drone which appeared during the Nineteenth Century continuing in use by some Irish regiments up to the mid 1960's when it was supplanted by the three droned Scottish pattern
This style of chanter was designed by Edward Joseph Meagher of County Cork and was chromatic over an octave an a fifth with a minimum of keywork. Drones are in common stock like Brian Boru but with ability to be retuned a full tone higher.(more...).
Northumbrian Small Pipes
The Small Pipe from Northumbria underwent several changes during the nineteenth century leading to it becoming one of the most sophisticated of the Bagpipes. The bottom end of the chanter is closed and keywork added to extend the compass and provide semitone progression through the scale in the key signatures that the drones will harmonise with (more...).
Pastoral Pipes (Hybrid Scottish Union Pipes/New Bagpipe)
The Pastoral or New Bagpipe appeared during the early part of the eighteenth century and would seem to be the forerunner of the Union Pipes. It is often incorrectly termed the "Scottish Hybrid Bagpipe" a name that was given to them by W A Cocks and they were certainly not indigenous to Scotland, being manufactured as well in both London and Dublin as well as other locations (more on new site).
The shuttle pipe appeared during the latter half of the sixteenth century, possibly in France. The name is derived from the form of drone system used which instead of being separate items are all bored in a single piece of wood and connected in series to achieve the necessary lengths. The chanter is of the open ended type with a compass of 1 octave however a shuttle drone can also be used with the other forms of Bagpipes to provide a more compact set of pipes (more...).
Scottish Small Pipes
The usual arrangement is of a plain open ended chanter with a compass f to g and three drones tuned to unison with the six finger note, an octave below and a fifth between (g, d, g) and played in the normal highland manner. They can be mouth or bellows blown the former sometimes being termed as the Highland Small Pipe, the latter the Lowland Small Pipe (more...).
Uilleann Pipes/Irish Union Pipes
The Uilleann Pipes probably evolved from the earlier Pastoral Pipes the main difference being that the foot joint giving the lower leading note is absent, the bell note becoming the keynote of the chanter. As they are played in a seated position this gives the facility of stopping the lower end of the chanter on the knee and staccato can be used by shutting down the chanter in between melody notes.
A full set consists of Chanter, three drones and three or four keyed accompanying pipes called regulators (more on new site).